Beppe Fenoglio created one of his last works to present the war from a new, literary perspective. Indeed, Il partigiano Johnny’s writer wanted to escape from the accepted partisan narrative, swinging between testimony and historical document, relegating the narrator to a mere witness. In March 1960, Fenoglio wrote to his colleague Livio Garzanti: “A new story jumped into my mind, an individual one, a romantic plot, not on the backdrop of the civil war in Italy, but in the thick of this war”.

Published after his death, Una questione privata is a short, dense, and poignant novel, whose narrative backdrop is the drama of the Italian Resistance in WWII, intertwining a private story with the collective history. Building his work according to the three Aristotelian units of action, time, and place, Fenoglio outlined the plot, foreshortening the Resistance and exploring it only when it intersected with events affecting the protagonist. 

Even if he is the narrator-of-choice of the rural world of the Langhe, told in La Malora and Un giorno di Fuoco, Fenoglio is mainly associated with the Italian Resistance theme. Like Italo CalvinoMario Rigoni SternPrimo LeviElio VittoriniCarlo Cassola, and Cesare Pavese, the writers of Letteratura della Resistenza deal with the war between partisans, Germans, Italian Fascists and the Western Allies, and its aftermath. Driven by the dramatic events of the war and the urgency of a renewal of civil society, they can be ascribed in the literary and cinematographic Neorealism movement.

According to CalvinoUna questione privata is “built with the geometric tension of a novel of love madness and chivalrous chases like the Orlando Furioso, and at the same time there is the Resistance just as it was, inside and out, as true as it had never written before”. 

Milton, the novel’s main character, is a student partisan fighting the clandestine Resistance war in the Piedmontese mountains. He carries with him his longing for Fulvia, with whom he had a one-sided relationship before he joined the Resistance. One day,  Milton arrives by chance at the villa where she used to live, near the city of Alba. He talks with the caretaker, the only remaining inhabitant, who sows the doubt that there was something between Fulvia and Milton’s partisan friend Giorgio. This doubt will weave its way into Milton’s heart, leading him on a mission to find Giorgio – not to punish or accuse, but to know. The novel develops with and through this research: the desperate quest for a prisoner to be exchanged for Giorgio- who was captured by the Nazis- will bring Milton into the most wretched and harsh aspects of the war, overlapping the sufferance of a personal dilemma with the misery and pain of the civil one. 

Rainbow: A Private Affair is the cinematographic adaptation shot by the Taviani Brothers in 2017.